||Дата: Среда, 15.03.2017, 04:56 | Сообщение # 1|
|January 21 Day of the Engineers of Russia (a memorable day)|
On January 21, workers and military personnel of the Russian engineering troops celebrate their professional holiday. This memorable date in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - the Day of Engineers - was established by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 1370 of September 18, 1996, taking into account their contribution to the development of the country's defense potential and historical traditions. The engineering troops lead their history from the time of the Decree of Peter I of January 21, 1701 on the establishment in Moscow of the School of Pushkarskiy Order. In this school, officers of artillery and military engineers were trained. Graduates of the School of Pushkarskiy Prikaz since 1702 began to complete the first miner units of the regular Russian army. In 1712, Peter I ordered to separate the engineering school from the school of the Pushkarskiy order and expand it. Following his Decree was created and St. Petersburg Engineering School (1719). And after 4 years the Moscow school was transferred to St. Petersburg and merged with St. Petersburg. In these schools, non-commissioned and chief engineer officers were trained.
To increase the attractiveness of these schools and to strengthen the importance of engineer troops, Peter I in his Table of Ranks of 1722 officers of the engineering troops is ranked higher than officers of infantry and cavalry. The central organ of the engineering troops was the Chancellery of the main artillery and fortification. In 1753 the engineer-general Abram Petrovich Hannibal, the famous "Arap of Peter the Great", great-grandfather A.S. Pushkin. The engineer troops took part in all battles to defend the Fatherland. The knowledge, courage and courage of military engineers contributed to the successful conduct of combat operations in the Patriotic War of 1812, in the defense of Sevastopol (1854-1855), during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) and in two world wars. Particularly distinguished were the soldiers of the engineering troops during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. For feats for the glory of the homeland, more than 100,000 military engineers were awarded orders and medals, about 700 were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of Russia, 294 became full cavaliers of the Order of Glory.
The engineering troops contributed significantly to the elimination of the consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, played an important role in ensuring military operations in Afghanistan, in resolving conflicts in the Republic of Tajikistan, the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova, Abkhazia, and peacekeeping operations in Bosnia, Herzegovina and Kosovo. And today they continue the glorious fighting traditions of previous generations, honorably fulfilling the tasks facing them. At present, the Russian Engineering Troops are special troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, designed to perform the most complex tasks of engineering support for combined-arms operations (combat operations) that require special training of personnel and the use of engineering weapons, as well as to inflict losses on the enemy by using engineering ammunition . The engineering troops include: engineering reconnaissance, engineer-engineering, engineer-road, pontoon and other units, and engineers for the engineering troops in Russia are preparing the Military Engineering University, formed on September 1, 1998 on the basis of the Military Engineering Academy named after V. AT. Kuibyshev.