||Дата: Среда, 15.03.2017, 08:35 | Сообщение # 1|
|February, 15 - Day of memory of soldiers-internationalists in Russia|
Day of Remembrance of the Russians who performed their official duty outside the Fatherland is an official memorable date in the Russian Federation, designed to honor the memory of internationalist soldiers who have performed an international duty outside the borders of their homeland. It is celebrated annually on February 15.
The date for the "Day of Remembrance of the Russians who performed their official duty outside the Fatherland" was chosen not accidentally. It was on this day, February 15, 1989, that the last column of Soviet troops left the territory of Afghanistan. On that day, Lieutenant-General Boris Vsevolodovich Gromov, the commander of the Restricted contingent, jumped off the armored carrier and crossed the bridge, symbolizing that he had crossed the border river of the Amu Darya (Termez), but in reality the last units of the border guards and special forces left Afghanistan to cover the withdrawal And left on the territory of the USSR only in the afternoon of February 15. This event marked the end of the Afghan war for the Soviet Union, which lasted almost ten years and claimed the lives of more than 15,000 Soviet citizens.
Among all the republics of the former USSR, the RSFSR (now the Russian Federation) suffered the greatest losses. In 2010, the "Day of Remembrance of Soldiers-Internationalists" finally acquired an official status (a similar day is celebrated in Ukraine). Federal Law No. 320-FZ of November 29, 2010 amended Article 1.1 of Federal Law No. 32-FZ of March 13, 1995 "On Days of Military Glory and Memorable Dates of Russia", which will enter into force on January 1, 2011. Article 1.1 . Memorable dates of Russia The following memorable dates of Russia are established in the Russian Federation:
February 15 is the Day of Remembrance of the Russians who performed their official duty outside the Fatherland.
In 2004, Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke at a grand meeting dedicated to the Internationalist Memorial Day, where he said:
"Everything was tested in the Afghan war - everything a person can do, that he is able to withstand. This is known and remembered by our "Afghans": they had to sip a full cup and suffering, and grief, and despair, and difficulties. They fought in a foreign country, and their own people knew practically nothing about the causes of this war, nor about its goals, nor even about the courage and heroism of our soldiers and officers. Moreover, many who returned from that war, sometimes met at home with a lack of understanding, indifference, and even condemnation. And, of course, people asked: for what? Really, very few people were dealing with the crippled destinies of our "Afghans", before their physical wounds and mental anguish. And most often they had to find their own place in life - politicians were busy with their own affairs ... to all who passed Afghanistan, to all who passed through trials by Afghanistan, I want to wish you and your families health, success and prosperity. "
This quote clearly demonstrates changes in the better in the minds of those in power with respect to the soldiers participating in foreign wars. In addition, this day is the day when the fighting losses of Soviet soldiers ceased, and therefore, like Victory Day, it is a holiday for which the internationalist soldiers paid a huge price.
"The Day of Remembrance of the Russians who have performed their official duty outside the Fatherland" is not a day off.
The same holiday on the same day is celebrated in Belarus, where about 30 thousand veterans of the Afghan war live. Memorial Day for Internationalist Warriors - February 15.
According to the Decree of the President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma dated February 11, 2004, in Ukraine, on February 15, "Day of honoring the participants of military operations in the territory of other states" is celebrated. In the Afghan war, about 2500 servicemen were killed, called from the territory of the Ukrainian SSR.