The second Sunday in March is the Day of the Workers of Geodesy and Cartography of Russia (professional holiday)
Day of workers of a geodesy and cartography is marked in Russia on the second Sunday of March.
The holiday was established by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 1867 of November 11, 2000.
History It was in March that important events took place for Russian geodesy and cartography. In 1720, Peter I signed a decree, which initiated cartographic surveying in Russia. On March 15, 1919, the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR signed the Decree "On the Establishment of the Higher Geodetic Management" (VSU) at the Scientific and Technical Department of the Supreme Council of the National Economy of the RSFSR.
In Russia, the art of drawing up geographic drawings was known even in the pre-Petrine era. For example, the first printed version of the map of Russia is a map of the Moscow lands, dated January 26, 1525. And in 1667, on the orders of Voevoda PI Godunov, a map of Siberia was compiled, a copy of which was preserved in the Stockholm State Archives. The very profession of the cartographer appeared later - in March 1720 in Russia, the first cartographic surveys were started by order of Peter I.
Every second Sunday in March, geodesists and cartographers of Russia celebrate their professional holiday
Under Nicholas I, after the founding of the Pulkovo Observatory, geodesy and cartography in Russia made significant progress. At this time, such large-scale works as the measurement (under the direction of P. Struve) of the arc of the meridian from Lapland to the mouths of the Danube and the compilation of a three-vertex topographic map of the western provinces since 1846 were carried out.
Sheets of this card began to go on sale under Alexander II. It also published a 10-verst map of European Russia, as well as a number of maps for Asian Russia (Caucasus, Central Asia). This period includes the emergence of private cartographic activities.
A Unified geodetic service of the RSFSR was established in 1919. Since 1992 it has received the name of "Federal Service of Geodesy and Cartography of Russia".