||Дата: Четверг, 16.03.2017, 06:41 | Сообщение # 1|
|March 23 - Day of workers of hydrometeorological service of Russia (professional holiday)|
The Federal State Budgetary Institution "Hydrometeorological Research Center of the Russian Federation" (FGBU "Hydrometcenter of Russia") is the leading research and operational-methodological institution of Roshydromet in the field of hydrometeorological forecasts.
The modern meteorological service of Russia considers the date of its foundation on June 21, 1921, when Lenin signed the decree of the Council of People's Commissars "On the organization of a unified meteorological service in the RSFSR." January 1, 1930 in Moscow, in accordance with the Government's decision to create a single meteorological service of the country, the Central Weather Bureau of the USSR was formed, which was transformed in 1936 into the Central Weather Institute (since 1943 - the Central Institute for Forecasting). In 1965, the Central Forecast Institute and the United Computer Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Main Hydrometeorological Service were merged into one institution - the Hydrometeorological Research Center of the USSR, since 1992 - the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia.
An important event, which in many respects determined the fate of scientific research in the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia, was the appropriation of the status of the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation (SSC RF) by the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1167 of October 14, 1994. In January 2007, by the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation, this status was maintained.
In the system of the World Weather Watch of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia ensures the fulfillment of the international obligations of the Russian Federation for the international exchange of forecast information and hydrometeorological observations and functions as:
World Meteorological Center (IMC-Moscow);
Regional specialized meteorological center in the European region;
National Center for Hydrometeorological Forecasts.
It should be noted that in the WMO weather service system, which currently includes 187 member countries, there are three WMCs - Washington, Melbourne and Moscow. All three MMCs have been operating since 1965.
The main tasks of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia are:
Getting new knowledge about weather-forming processes in the "atmosphere-ocean-land" system;
Operational provision of the population, state and economic structures with hydrometeorological information, including warnings about unfavorable and dangerous weather phenomena.
According to the classification adopted in the WMO, several categories of weather forecasts are distinguished: from short-term forecasts for several hours ahead (as a rule, they are forecasts of hazardous phenomena with a short life cycle - thunderstorms, hail, squalls, snow charges, etc.) to long-term meteorological forecasts For the season and more). The latter are already classified as short-period climate change forecasts. Scope Hydrometcenter of Russia covers the whole range of such forecasts.