||Дата: Вторник, 21.03.2017, 09:45 | Сообщение # 1|
|April 12 - Day of Cosmonautics of Russia (commemorative date)|
Day of Cosmonautics - celebrated in Russia on April 12 date, set to commemorate the first manned flight into space.
History and celebration
On April 12, 1961, the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on the Vostok-1 spacecraft started from the Baikonur cosmodrome and for the first time in the world performed an orbital flight of planet Earth. The flight in near-Earth space lasted 1 hour and 48 minutes.
In the Soviet Union, the holiday was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 9, 1962. It is called the Day of Astronautics. This holiday was established at the suggestion of the second pilot-cosmonaut of the USSR, German Titov, who addressed the CPSU Central Committee with the corresponding proposal on March 26, 1962.
On the same day, the World Aviation and Cosmonautics Day is celebrated according to the protocol (item 17) of the 61st General Conference of the International Aviation Federation held in November 1968 and the decision of the Council of the International Aviation Federation, adopted on April 30, 1969 by the Federation of Aviation Sports of the USSR.
In the Russian Federation, the Day of Cosmonautics is celebrated in accordance with Article 1.1 of the Federal Law of March 13, 1995, No. 32-FZ "On the Days of Military Glory and the Memorable Dates of Russia".
International day of man's flight into space
On April 7, 2011, at a special plenary meeting of the UN General Assembly, a resolution was adopted officially proclaiming April 12 the International Day of Human Spaceflight. More than 60 states have become co-sponsors of the resolution.
Other events of this day
Exactly twenty years after the first manned space flight, on April 12, 1981, the first manned flight was launched under the American program Space Shuttle.
In honor of both these events in many cities around the world since 2001, a party-event "St. George's Night" is held. The organizer is the Space Generation Advisory Council, a non-governmental organization that brings together participants from more than 60 countries around the world.