||Дата: Вторник, 21.03.2017, 09:49 | Сообщение # 1|
|The second Sunday in April is the Day of the Russian Air Defense Forces (a memorable day)|
"The Day of the Air Defense Forces" - in the USSR was introduced by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR No. 1098-IX, dated February 20, 1975, as a professional holiday of servicemen in one way or another involved in accomplishing the tasks of air defense of the territory of the USSR, as well as objects outside it Which are under the protection of the Armed Forces of the USSR.
The "Air Defense Day" was celebrated in the USSR every year, on the second Sunday of April. The Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 31, 2006 "On the Establishment of Professional Holidays and Memorable Days in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation" established that the Air Defense Day is a memorable day in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It is also celebrated annually, on the second Sunday in April.
History and celebration
The first ground units for conducting air defense appeared in the Armed Forces of the Russian Empire during the First World War in late 1914 and were intended to combat enemy airplanes. Then they did not have special weapons and used to fight with aircraft conventional machine guns and light guns installed on turret installations. These units already proved their effectiveness and indispensability in the first battles, and therefore, after the October Revolution, already in Soviet Russia with the Red Army, the air defense troops were quickly established.
June 22, 1941 began the Great Patriotic War, and in September began the defense of Moscow. It was during the Moscow battle that the air defense forces demonstrated their maximum potential. Despite the overwhelming superiority of the Luftwaffe in the air, they never managed to inflict significant irreparable damage to the capital of the USSR. Of course, air defense forces did not act alone, but their contribution to the defense of the city can not be overemphasized.
On February 20, 1975, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR established by its Decree, "Day of the USSR Air Defense Troops," thereby recognizing the enormous merit of the air defense forces in the defeat of the Third Reich, and also encouraging an invaluable contribution to the protection of the state border of the Soviet Union in peacetime. The holiday was to be celebrated on April 11.
However, five years later (October 1, 1980), the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued a new decree, in which the holiday "Day of Air Defense Forces" was ordered to celebrate the second Sunday of April. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, "Day of the Air Defense Forces" is still celebrated in Russia on the same day.