||Дата: Понедельник, 27.03.2017, 08:32 | Сообщение # 1|
|May 7 - Day of the Presidential Regiment of Russia|
The presidential regiment is a Russian military unit currently being part of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSO of Russia).
Full name is the Presidential Regiment of the Service of the Commandant of the Moscow Kremlin of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation.
From March to September 1918, the protection of the Moscow Kremlin, which became the seat of the Soviet government, was carried out by Latvian arrows. This task was then carried out by the 1st Moscow Machine-gun Training Course of the Red Army, later reorganized into the 1 st Soviet Joint Military School of the Red Army under the auspices of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee.
In October 1935, the 1st Military School of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee was transferred from the Kremlin to Lefortovo. The tasks for the Kremlin's protection were transferred to the Special Battalion (BOSNaz). The battalion was part of the Kremlin Commandant's Office, which, in accordance with the government's decree, withdrew from the subordination of the People's Commissariat of Defense and became subordinate to the NKVD.
On April 8, 1936, in accordance with Order No. 122 of the Kremlin garrison, the Special Battalion was reorganized into a special-purpose regiment of the NKVD of the USSR (nCVN), which in time was unofficially nicknamed "Kremlin".
During the Soviet-Finnish war, some of the servicemen of the regiment were involved in hostilities. By order of the Deputy People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR, 161 people were allocated from the regiment and sent to the active Red Army.
Since the first days of the Great Patriotic War, the Kremlin Regiment has defended the Kremlin from raids by German aviation. Since June 25, 1941, on the orders of the commandant, the regiment moved to reinforced protection and defense of the facilities. On the Kremlin wall, 24-hour combat readiness was installed. In connection with the transition to an enhanced mode of service, the regiment was deployed as a combat unit for wartime states, and included in the existing internal troops of the NKVD of the USSR.
In the 1942-1943 biennium. Four groups of snipers from the Kremlin Regiment were sent to the Western and Volkhov Fronts, which killed more than 1,200 enemy soldiers and officers. During the Great Patriotic War, the regiment lost 97 people.
In 1943, after the separation of the Main Directorate of State Security of the NKVD of the USSR (GUGB of the NKVD) into a separate commissariat, which is part of the former 1st Department of the NKGB (the guard of party and government leaders), the special regiment also becomes part of the newly formed bodies, The appointment of the USSR NKGB, and after the transformation in 1946 of the people's commissariats into ministries - the special regiment of the USSR MGB.
September 19, 1952 The regiment of special purpose was transformed into a Separate Special Purpose Regiment of the USSR MGB (opSpN). Then in the period from 1953 to 1954, in connection with the merger of the MGB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs into a single ministry, was part of the structure of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. After that, since 1954, the structure of the State Security Committee has already entered its final state until the end of the Soviet Union's existence.
May 7, 1965 for military service in the years of the Great Patriotic War and high rates in combat and political training. A separate regiment of special purpose was awarded the Order of the Red Banner and becomes the Separate Red Banner of Special Purpose of the Committee of State Security under the Council of Ministers of the USSR.
July 24, 1973, the regiment officially receives the status of "Kremlin" - Order of the Chairman of the KGB under the USSR Council of Ministers is renamed the Separate Red Banner Kremlin Regiment of the KGB under the USSR Council of Ministers. After the transformation of the KGB from the department to the central government body on July 5, 1978 - the Separate Red Banner Kremlin regiment of the KGB of the USSR.
On March 25, 1975, the regiment receives its own badge of distinction. On the petition of the command, the order of the Chairman of the KGB attached to the USSR Council of Ministers established the breastplate "Kremlin Regiment" to encourage soldiers, sergeants, warrant officers and officers for impeccable service, success in combat and political training, and approximate Military discipline.
On May 5, 1986, in honor of commemorating his 50th anniversary, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR for his services in ensuring the state security of the USSR and achieving high results in the service, the regiment was awarded the Order of the October Revolution.
In 1991, in the last year of the existence of the USSR, in connection with the reorganization of the KGB, the Separate Red Banner Kremlin Regiment of the KGB of the USSR was renamed the Separate Red Banner Kremlin Regiment of the Security Administration under the Office of the President of the USSR. After the collapse of the USSR since 1992, the regiment began to be called the Separate Red Banner Kremlin Regiment of the Commandant's Office of the Moscow Kremlin of the Main Directorate of Security of the Russian Federation.
In accordance with the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 20, 1993, the Separate Red Banner Kremlin Regiment was transformed into the Presidential Regiment of the Commandant's Office of the Moscow Kremlin of the Main Directorate of Security of the Russian Federation.
On September 2, 2002, on the basis of the 11th separate cavalry regiment, the Cavalry honorary escort was formed as part of the Presidential Regiment.
On May 9, 2016, the Presidential Regiment was awarded the Diploma of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation for his services in ensuring the security of the state.
The day of the part is celebrated on May 7.
The commander of the regiment reports directly to the President of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Armed Forces.
The barracks of the Presidential Regiment are located in the historical building of Arsenal (Zeichhaus). In the closed perimeter of the Arsenal yard there are the regiment's parade ground and the sports hall of the FSO. Separate regiment units are also stationed in other administrative entities of the Moscow region.
1st company of the special guard
11th company of the special guard
Cavalry honorary escort
Operational reserve battalion
Operational reserve company